Да видим какво пише в прословутия доклад
относно санкциите и колко незаконни са:
The sanctions also violate US law. Each executive order since March 2015 declares that the United States is suffering from a “national emergency” because of the situation in Venezuela. This is required by US law in order to impose such sanctions, and the national emergency is invoked under the 1976 National Emergencies Act. This is the same law that President Trump invoked in February 2019 when declaring a national emergency to circumvent Congressional appropriation for funds to build a wall along the border with Mexico. A number of states and public interest organizations have sued the Trump administration over this maneuver with regard to the border wall.
В доклата пише че санкциите нарушават американския закон и се прави правна аналогия с мексиканската стена, но да видим накратко със стената как стои въпроса:
On September 12, 2017, the United States Department of Homeland Security issued a notice that Acting Secretary of Homeland Security Elaine Duke would be waiving "certain laws, regulations and other legal requirements" to begin construction of the new wall near Calexico, California. The waiver allows the Department of Homeland Security to bypass the National Environmental Policy Act, the Endangered Species Act, the Clean Water Act, the Clean Air Act, the National Historic Preservation Act, the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, the Migratory Bird Conservation Act, the Archaeological Resources Protection Act, the Safe Drinking Water Act, the Noise Control Act, the Solid Waste Disposal Act, the Antiquities Act, the Federal Land Policy and Management Act, the Administrative Procedure Act, the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, and the American Indian Religious Freedom Act. On May 24, 2019, federal Judge Haywood Gilliam in the Northern District of California granted a preliminary injunction preventing the Trump administration from redirecting funds under the national emergency declaration issued earlier in the year to fund a planned wall along the border with Mexico. The injunction applies specifically to some of the money the administration intended to allocate from other agencies, and limits wall construction projects in El Paso, Texas and Yuma, Arizona.
Т.е. заради стената се заобикалят закони за Националната екологична политика, Законът за застрашените видове, за чистата вода, за чистия въздух, за контрол на шума, за прелетните птици, за миграционните птици, за вероизповеданията, за антиките, за защита на индианските гробове, за административното производство и прочие. Нищо общо с Венецуела.
Да видим самите санкции.
Първо, от 2006-а година:
Since 2006, U.S. officials have expressed concerns about Venezuela’s lack of cooperation on antiterrorism efforts. Since then, the Secretary of State has made an annual determination that Venezuela is not “cooperating fully with United States anti-terrorism efforts” pursuant to Section 40A of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2781). The most recent determination was made in May 2018. As a result, the United States has prohibited all U.S. commercial arms salesand retransfers to Venezuela since 2006.In 2008, the Treasury Department imposed sanctions (asset freezing and prohibitionson transactions) on two individuals and two travel agencies in Venezuela for providing financial support to the radical Lebanon-basedIslamic Shiite group Hezbollah. The action was taken pursuant to Executive Order (E.O.) 13224,aimedat impeding terrorist funding
Второ - от 2018-а година:
Drug Trafficking-Related Sanctions
U.S. concerns about the lack of Venezuelan cooperation on counternarcotics efforts date back to 2005. Since then, the President has made an annual determination, pursuant to procedures set forth in the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, FY2003 (P.L. 107-228, §706; 22 U.S.C. 2291j), that Venezuela hasfailed demonstrably to adhere to its obligations under international narcotics agreements.President Trump made the most recent determinationfor FY2019in September 2018, butalso waived foreign aidrestrictions for programs to support democracy promotion.The Treasury Department has imposed economic sanctions on at least 22individualswithconnections to Venezuela and 27companies by designating them as Specially Designated Narcotics Traffickers pursuant to the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act(Kingpin Act;P.L. 106-120, Title VIII; 21 U.S.C. 1901et seq.).Designated individualsincludeseveral current or former Venezuelan officials:in 2008, General Hugo Carvajal (former military intelligencehead),General Henry Range Silva(former defense minister and governor of TrujilloState), and Ramón Rodríguez Chacín(former interior minister and formergovernor of Guárico); in 2011, Freddy Alirio Bernal Rosalesand Amilicar Jesus Figueroa Salazar(United Socialist Party of Venezuela,or PSUV,politicians), Major General Cliver Antonio Alcalá Cordones, and Ramon Isidro Madriz Moreno(a Venezuelan intelligence officer);in2017, then-Vice President Tareck el Aissami; andin May 2018, Pedro Luis Martin (a former senior intelligence official) and two of his associates.Others designated includedrug trafficker Walid Makled, three dual Lebanese-Venezuelan citizens allegedly involved in a drugmoney-laundering network,and several Colombiandrug traffickers with activity in Venezuela
Трето - от 2014-а:
Targeted Sanctions Related to Antidemocratic Actions, Human Rights Violations, and Corruption
In response to increasing repression in Venezuela, Congress enacted theVenezuela Defense of Human Rights and Civil Society Act of 2014(P.L. 113-278; 50 U.S.C. 1701note)in December 2014. Among its provisions, the law requires thePresident to impose sanctions (asset blocking and visa restrictions) against those whomthePresident determinesare responsible for significant acts of violence or serious human rights abuses associated with protests inFebruary 2014or, more broadly, against anyone whohas directed or ordered the arrest or prosecution of a person primarily because of the person’s legitimate exercise of freedom of expression or assembly. In 2016, Congress extendedthe 2014 act through 2019inP.L. 114-194.In March 2015, President Obama issuedE.O. 13692to implement P.L. 113-278, and the Treasury Department issued regulations in July 2015 (31 C.F.R. Part 591). The E.O.targets (for asset blocking and visa restrictions)those involved in actions or policies undermining democratic processes or institutions; those involved in acts of violenceor conduct constitutinga serious human rightsabuse;those taking actions that prohibit, limit, or penalize the exercise of freedom of expression or peaceful assembly; public corruption by senior Venezuelanofficials; and any person determined to be a current or former leader of any entity engaged in any activity described above ora current or former official of the government of Venezuela.Currently, the Treasury Department has financial sanctions on 82Venezuelans pursuant to E.O.13692.Under the Obama Administration, the Treasury Department froze the assets of seven Venezuelans—six members of Venezuela’s security forces and a prosecutorinvolved in repressing antigovernment protesters.Under the TrumpAdministration, the Treasury Department currently has sanctions on an additional 75Venezuelan government and military officials. These officials include President Nicolás Maduro and his wife, Cecilia Flores;ExecutiveVice President Delcy Rodriguez;PSUV First Vice President Diosdado Cabello; eight Supreme Court members;the Treasurysanctioned Venezuela’s Central Bank in order to cut off its access to U.S. currency and limit its ability to conduct international financial transactions.
Четвърто - от 2017-а:
Additional Financial Sanctions
In addition to targeted sanctionsagainst individualsand companies, President Trump has imposed financialsanctions on Venezuela through three additional E.O.s because of the government’s serious human rights abuses, antidemocratic actions, and responsibility for thedeepening humanitarian crisis.In August2017, he issued E.O.13808,whichprohibitsaccess to the U.S. financial markets by theVenezuelan government, including PdVSA, with certain exceptions to minimize the impact on the Venezuelanpeople and U.S. economic interests. The sanctions restrict the Venezuelan government’s access to U.S. debt and equity markets.In March 2018, PresidentTrump issuedE.O. 13827to prohibittransactions involving the Venezuelan government’s issuanceof digital currency, coin,or token. The Maduro government launched a cryptocurrency known as the petroin 2018in an effort to circumvent sanctions.In May 2018, President Trump issued E.O. 13835,which prohibitstransactions related to the purchase of Venezuelan debt, including accounts receivable, and to any debt owed to Venezuela pledged as collateral. U.S. officials assert the action was intended to deny corrupt Venezuelan officials the ability to improperly value and sell off public assets in return for kickbacks.
P.S. напомням че Тръмп е президент от 2017-а.
lthough Venezuelan oil exports to the United States already had been declining, sanctions on that trade are requiring U.S. refineries that process Venezuelan crude oil to find alternative sources. Some analysts are concerned that the stronger sanctionson PdVSA arefurther exacerbating Venezuela’s difficult humanitarian crisis,already marked by shortages of food and medicines and mass migration, by limiting the country’s key source of revenue. This is a particular concern in the event that Maduro remains in power over an extended period of time. Someobservers alsomaintain that economic sanctions ultimately mayneed to be accompanied by effortsto fosteranegotiated solution leading to free andfair elections.For guidance on the Venezuela sanctions, seeU.S. Department of the Treasury, “Venezuela-Related Sanctions,”at https://www.treasury.gov/resource-cente ... zuela.aspx
; andU.S. Department of State, “Venezuela-Related Sanctions,”at https://www.state.gov/e/eb/tfs/spi/venezuela/
И един съвет към руските тролове и техните надзорници - уважаеми таварищи, четете си материалите, които пускате, щото иначе изпадате в неудобната ситуация да мълчите като насрани, да не можете да отговорите на елементарни въпроси и да циклите едни и същи, отдавна оборени опорни точки.
∙ Агрессивная израильская военщина грубо проигнорировала несокрушимую мощь русского оружия.∙